The Course

AP English Language and Composition

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New for 2024-25: MCQs Will Have Four Answer Choices

Starting with the 2025 exam, AP English Language and Composition multiple-choice questions (MCQs) will have four answer choices instead of five. Most AP courses have already implemented this change, which research indicates could improve students’ exam-day experience. This summer we’ll release updated resources reflecting the change.

Course Overview

AP English Language and Composition is an introductory college-level composition course. Students cultivate their understanding of writing and rhetorical arguments through reading, analyzing, and writing texts as they explore topics like rhetorical situation, claims and evidence, reasoning and organization, and style.

Course and Exam Description

Course Resources

Course Content

The course skills are organized within nine units that scaffold student development of the analysis and composition skills required for college credit. For each unit, the teacher selects a theme or topic and then chooses texts, typically short nonfiction pieces, that enable students to practice and develop the reading and writing skills for that unit. This course framework provides a description of what students should know and be able to do to qualify for college credit or placement. As always, you have the flexibility to organize the course content as you like.

Course Skills

The updated AP English Language and Composition framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like writers.

 Skill Categories
 Exam Weighting (Multiple-Choice Section)
 1. Rhetorical Situation: Reading  Explain how writers’ choices reflect the components of the rhetorical situation.  11%–14%
 2. Rhetorical Situation: Writing  Make strategic choices in a text to address a rhetorical situation.  11%–14%
 3. Claims and Evidence: Reading  Identify and describe the claims and evidence of an argument.  13%–16%
 4. Claims and Evidence: Writing  Analyze and select evidence to develop and refine a claim.  11%–14%
 5. Reasoning and Organization: Reading  Describe the reasoning, organization, and development of an argument.  13%–16%
 6. Reasoning and Organization: Writing  Use organization and commentary to illuminate the line of reasoning in an argument.  11%–14%
 7. Style: Reading  Explain how writers’ stylistic choices contribute to the purpose of an argument.  11–14%
 8. Style: Writing  Select words and use elements of composition to advance an argument.  11–14%

AP and Higher Education

Higher education professionals play a key role in developing AP courses and exams, setting credit and placement policies, and scoring student work. The AP Higher Education section features information on recruitment and admission, advising and placement, and more.

This chart shows recommended scores for granting credit, and how much credit should be awarded, for each AP course. Your students can look up credit and placement policies for colleges and universities on the AP Credit Policy Search.

Meet the AP English Language and Composition Development Committee

The AP Program is unique in its reliance on Development Committees. These committees, made up of an equal number of college faculty and experienced secondary AP teachers from across the country, are essential to the preparation of AP course curricula and exams.