New for 2024-25: MCQs Will Have Four Answer Choices

Starting in the 2024-25 school year, AP English Language and Composition multiple-choice questions (MCQs) will have four answer choices instead of five. This change will take effect with the 2025 exam. All resources have been updated to reflect this change.

Exam Overview

Exam questions assess the course concepts and skills outlined in the course framework. For more information, download the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description (.pdf) (CED).

Encourage your students to visit the AP English Language and Composition student page for exam information.

Exam Date

2025 AP Exam dates available soon

Exam Format

The AP English Language and Composition Exam has question types and point values that stay consistent from year to year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day.

Section I: Multiple Choice

45 Questions | 1 hour | 45% of Exam Score

  • Includes 5 sets of questions:
    • 23–25 Reading questions that ask students to read and analyze nonfiction texts.
    • 20–22 Writing questions that ask students to “read like a writer” and consider revisions to stimulus texts.

Section II: Free Response

3 Questions | 2 hours 15 minutes (includes a 15-minute reading period | 55% of Exam Score

  • Students write essays that respond to 3 free-response prompts from the following categories:
    • Synthesis Question: After reading 6 texts about a topic (including visual and quantitative sources), students will compose an argument that combines and cites at least 3 of the sources to support their thesis.
    • Rhetorical Analysis: Students will read a nonfiction text and analyze how the writer’s language choices contribute to the intended meaning and purpose of the text.
    • Argument: Students will create an evidence-based argument that responds to a given topic.

Exam Questions and Scoring Information

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AP English Language and Composition Exam Questions and Scoring Information

View free-response questions and scoring information from past exams.

Score Reporting