Accommodations for 2023 In-School Digital AP Exams

We’ve designed 2023 in-school digital AP Exams so all students can take them, including those with approved accommodations. As always, students may only use accommodations they've been approved for by the College Board Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) office.

AP coordinators and SSD coordinators should review digital exam accommodations details in this section and discuss this year’s testing options with students who plan to test with College Board–approved accommodations.

For questions about accommodations for digital exams, contact the College Board SSD office.

Confirming or Waiving Accommodations for
In-School Digital AP Exams

In AP Registration and Ordering, AP coordinators should review and confirm students’ accommodations listed for digital AP Exams, and can also waive students’ accommodations if they don’t want to take a digital exam with accommodations. Instructions for confirming or waiving accommodations will follow later this fall.

In-School Digital AP Exams Versus Paper Exams

Many accommodations work the same way for digital exams as they do for paper exams. For example, students who are approved for extended time will receive a digital exam enabled with their approved amount of extended time per section/or part of the exam.

Some accommodations differ for digital testing because of features available in the digital testing application. For example, students approved for large-print test books won’t need separate exam materials. They can take the digital exam with an increased font size by zooming in to enlarge the content as needed.

Students don’t need to submit new accommodations requests to use a digital alternative for an accommodation they’ve already received College Board approval for. For example, a student approved for a human reader doesn’t require additional/new approvals to test using a screen reader with a digital exam.

Types of Accommodations for In-School Digital AP Exams

Review the list below to learn how common testing accommodations will work for this year's digital AP Exams, including designated digital alternatives for accommodations. Options are also listed for students who may still require paper exams.

Extended Time

Students will receive their approved amount of extended time within the digital exam. Extended time will be applied per section and/or part of the exam based on the student’s specific approval.

Breaks

Extra Breaks

Students approved for this accommodation will receive an exam with an extra five-minute break applied midway through each section.

Extended Breaks

Students approved for this accommodation will receive an exam with twice the time of the regularly scheduled break applied between Section I and Section II of the exam. 

Extra and Extended Breaks

Students approved for this accommodation will receive an exam with twice the time of regularly scheduled and extra breaks applied.  

Breaks as Needed

Students approved for this accommodation will receive an exam that allows them to pause their exam to take breaks as needed. The pause feature is below the timer.

Braille

Braille with Raised Line Drawings, Contracted

Options are available for either digital testing or paper testing for students approved for a braille accommodation. Students may: 

  • test with the digital exam using a refreshable braille display or screen reader or have assistance from a human reader; or 
  • test using the braille paper exam. 

Note: If a student wants to use a human reader in this instance and is not already approved for extended time or human reader, contact the College Board SSD office. 

Raised Line Drawings (formerly “braille graphs and figures”)

Students may:

  • test with the digital exam using a screen reader or with a human reader; or
  • test using the braille paper exam, either with or without a human reader.

Note:

  • Raised line drawing supplements are not available with digital exams.
  • If a student wants to use a human reader in this instance and is not already approved for extended time or human reader, contact the College Board SSD office.

Braille Writer

For a digital exam, braille writing software should be used. If a student uses a manual braille writer and/or does not have access to braille writing software, they can:

  • test using a paper exam with the manual braille writer;
  • test using a digital exam using voice recognition (speech-to-text) software; or
  • test using a digital exam and dictate their responses to a writer/scribe.

Large Print, Magnification, Color

Large-Print Exam, Large-Print Answer Sheet, Record Answers in Test Book, or Magnification Device (electronic/nonelectronic)

Students will be able to take digital exams using their device’s functions to zoom in and out.   

Color Overlay/Color Contrast

Students can use the color settings available through their operating system and/or device screen, or they can use a plastic overlay attached to their device’s screen.

Reading and Writing Accommodations

Human Reader    

Students approved for a human reader may:

  • take a digital exam using the screen reader functionality available through their device’s operating system (i.e., text-to-speech) or their own screen reader software; 
  • test with a human reader using a paper exam; or
  • test with a human reader using the digital exam.

If a student is taking a digital exam and opts to test with a human reader, all reader criteria and requirements apply as detailed in the 2022-23 AP SSD Guidelines, which will be available in early 2023.

Students approved for a human reader will receive an exam format enabled with time and one-half (+50%) extended time. This extended time will be enabled whether the student ultimately chooses to test with a human reader or using screen reader software.

Note:

  • The digital exam cannot be accessed on multiple devices.
  • A human reader working with a student for a digital exam would need to sit close enough to see the exam screen on the student’s device for the duration of the exam.

Writer/Scribe

Students approved for a writer/scribe may:

  • take the digital exam using their own voice recognition (speech-to-text) software;
  • test with a human writer/scribe using a paper exam; or
  • test with a human writer/scribe using a digital exam.

If a student is taking a digital exam and opts to test with a human writer/scribe, all writer/scribe criteria and requirements apply as detailed in the 2022-23 AP SSD Guidelines, which will be available in early 2023.

Students approved for a writer/scribe will receive an exam format enabled with time and one-half (+50%) extended time. This extended time will be enabled whether the student ultimately chooses to test with a human writer/scribe or using voice recognition software.

Note:

  • The digital exam cannot be accessed on multiple devices.
  • All exam responses must be entered on the student’s device being used for testing. A human writer/scribe would need to type on the same device the student has used to access the exam.

Prerecorded Audio (MP3 via streaming)     

Students approved for pre-recorded audio may:

  • take a digital exam using the screen reader functionality available through their device’s operating system (i.e., text-to-speech) or their own screen reader software;
  • test with a human reader using a paper exam; or
  • test with a human reader using a digital exam.

If a student is taking a digital exam and opts to test with a human reader, all reader criteria and requirements apply as detailed in the 2022-23 AP SSD Guidelines.

Students approved for prerecorded audio (MP3 via streaming) will receive an exam format enabled with time and one-half (+50%) extended time. This extended time will be enabled whether the student ultimately chooses to test with a human reader or using screen reader software.

Note:

  • The digital exam cannot be accessed on multiple devices.
  • A human reader working with a student for a digital exam would need to sit close enough to see the exam screen on the student’s device for the duration of the exam.

Assistive Technology

Assistive Technology Software

Students will be able to take a digital exam using approved assistive technology software. (See below for additional information about assistive technology.)

Assistive Technology–Compatible (ATC) Test Format     

Students approved for an ATC test format may test using an accessible format of the digital exam. 

If a student is unable to test using the digital exam during the regularly scheduled exam administration, ATC-format exams are also available during the regularly scheduled exam administration and the late-testing exam administration.

Word Processors, Calculators

Computer Word Processing (for essays only) 

Students can either: 

  • test with the digital exam; or
  • test with the paper exam using a school-issued computer to type their essay. 

Four-Function Calculator     

Students approved by the College Board SSD office for use of a four-function calculator may use one for the AP Computer Science Principles Exam.

Calculator use isn’t applicable to other 2023 digital exams. 

Limited Time

Limited Time, Multiple-Day Testing

Digital exam options will be available to support students approved for limited time or multiple-day testing. Exam administration instructions will be provided to schools with students who are eligible to test with these accommodations.

Audio

Auditory, Amplification/FM System

Students can use their FM system.

Accommodations with No Exam System Requirements 

Accommodations that don’t involve assistive technology or a change to exam timing or breaks don’t require a special format of the digital exam. Examples of these types of accommodations include permission for small-group testing, food/drink/medication, and permission to test blood sugar. These types of accommodations can be used by students with approvals from the College Board SSD office. 

Assistive Technology Configuration

Some types of assistive technology may require specific configuration steps to be done before the student tests. Review details in the assistive technology configuration guide (available in the spring) and share the details with students who will be testing using assistive technology.   

On exam day, after checking in to the testing app (and before entering the room code), students will be able to access configuration instructions through the Help section and complete any configuration steps if needed before beginning the exam. 

It's important for students planning to test with assistive technology to practice answering exam app preview questions when the digital exam app is available in April with the assistive technology they’ll use on exam day. This will help them prepare and make sure their assistive technology works as expected with the digital exams. 

Temporary Supports  

A student who has a temporary medical or physical condition (e.g., a broken hand) may request temporary assistance if it's needed to complete the exam. This process should be used only for students who don't have a disability but who need support during the test due to a temporary physical/medical condition. Requests must be submitted to SSD via the request form. Follow the instructions on the form. 

The deadline for submitting requests for temporary assistance is 10 calendar days before the scheduled digital exam date.