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Important Updates

2021 Exam Information
AP Exams will cover the full content in each course, giving students the opportunity to receive college credit and placement.

Given the uncertainties of the 2020-21 school year, this year there will be no fees whatsoever if a student decides not to test or to cancel their exams.

View the latest information on testing.

AP Daily and AP Classroom
Short, searchable AP Daily videos can be assigned alongside topic questions to help you cover all course content, skills, and task models, and check student understanding. Unlock personal progress checks so students can demonstrate their knowledge and skills unit by unit and use the progress dashboard to highlight progress and additional areas for support. As the exam approaches, assign AP practice exams in the AP Classroom question bank and encourage students to take advantage of live online review sessions April 19–30.

Sign In to AP Classroom

Exam Overview

Exam questions assess the course concepts and skills outlined in the course framework. For more information on exam weighting, download the AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description (CED). 

Encourage your students to visit the AP Human Geography student page for exam information and exam practice.

  • Event
    • TUE, MAY 4, 2021, NOON LOCAL

    AP Human Geography Exam Day


Exam Format

The AP Human Geography Exam has question types and point values that will remain stable from year to year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day.

Exam Updates
2019 Exam Starting with the 2021 Exam

Section I: Multiple Choice

75 Questions | 1 Hour | 50% of Exam Score

  • The specific types of questions vary from exam to exam.

Section I: Multiple Choice

60 Questions | 1 Hour | 50% of Exam Score

There will now be increased emphasis on analyzing quantitative and qualitative sources in both individual and set-based multiple-choice questions:

  • 5–8 sets will each include 2–3 questions with a quantitative or qualitative source.
  • At least 1 of these sets will include a paired set of sources.


Section II: Free Response

3 Questions | 1 Hour 15 Minutes | 50% of Exam Score

  • Question types vary from year to year, and may ask students to:
    • Synthesize different topical areas
    • Analyze and evaluate geographical concepts
    • Supply appropriately selected and well-explained real-world examples to illustrate geographic concepts
    • Interpret verbal descriptions, maps, graphs, photographs, and/or diagrams
    • Formulate responses in narrative form
  • Each free-response question is worth 5–8 points.

Section II: Free Response

3 Questions | 1 Hour 15 Minutes | 50% of Exam Score

  • Task and stimulus types will stay consistent from year to year, with the following focus for each of the three questions:
    1. Describe, explain, apply geographic situation or scenario (no stimulus)
    2. Describe, explain, apply geographic data using data, image, or map (one quantitative or qualitative source)
    3. Describe, explain, apply geographic data using data, image, and/or map (two sources, qualitative and/or quantitative)
  • Each free-response question will now be worth 7 points.

Exam Tasks and Content

Section 1: Multiple Choice

60 Questions | 1 Hour | 50% of Exam Score

  • Individual questions.
  • Set-based questions.
  • Approximately 30%–40% of the multiple-choice questions will reference stimulus material, including maps, tables, charts, graphs, images, infographics, and/or landscapes, roughly evenly divided between quantitative and qualitative sources.

Section 2: Free Response

3 Questions | 1 Hour 15 Minutes | 50% of Exam Score

  • Each free-response question presents students with an authentic geographic situation or scenario and assesses students’ ability to describe, explain, and apply geographic concepts, processes, or models, as they analyze geographic patterns, relationships, and outcomes in applied contexts.
    • Question 1 does not include any stimuli.
    • Question 2 includes 1 stimulus (data, image, or map).
    • Question 3 includes 2 stimuli (data, images, and/or maps).
  • At least 2 of the 3 free-response questions assess students’ ability to analyze across geographic scales to explain spatial relationships.

Exam Questions and Scoring Information

2020 Free-Response Questions

2020 free-response questions are now in the AP Classroom question bank for teachers to assign to students as homework or in class, and do not require secure assessment.

Sign in to AP Classroom to access resources including personal progress checks and a question bank with topic questions and practice exams aligned to the current course and exam.

To preserve the large number of new FRQs for teacher use, only teachers have access to the 2020 FRQs. If you are a higher education faculty member interested in seeing questions, please fill out this request form.

2019 Free-Response Questions

For free-response questions (FRQs) from the 2019 exam, along with scoring information, check out the table below.

Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report. In this invaluable resource, the chief reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the AP Reading leadership to explain how students performed on the FRQs, summarize typical student errors, and address specific concepts and content with which students have struggled the most that year.

Past Exam Questions and Scoring Information

For free-response questions and scoring information from the 2018 and earlier exams, visit Past Exam Questions.