AP English Literature and Composition is an introductory college-level literary analysis course. Students cultivate their understanding of literature through reading and analyzing texts as they explore concepts like character, setting, structure, perspective, figurative language, and literary analysis in the context of literary works.
Course and Exam Description
The course content is organized into units that have been arranged in a logical sequence. This sequence has been developed through feedback from educators as well as analysis of high school and college courses and textbooks. The units in AP English Literature and Composition scaffold skills and knowledge through three genre-based, recurring units. This course framework provides a description of what students should know and be able to do to qualify for college credit or placement.
The AP English Literature and Composition curriculum is made up of nine units. As always, you have the flexibility to organize the course content as you like.
|Units||Exam Weighting (Multiple-Choice Section)|
|Units 1, 4, and 7: Short Fiction||42%–49%|
|Units 2, 5, and 8: Poetry||36%–45%|
|Units 3, 6, and 9: Longer Fiction or Drama||15%–18%|
The AP English Literature and Composition framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to read texts critically.
|Skill Categories||Exam Weighting (Multiple- Choice Section)|
|Explain the function of character.||16%–20%|
|Explain the function of setting.||3%–6%|
|Explain the function of plot and structure.||16%–20%|
|Explain the function of the narrator or speaker.||21%–26%|
|Explain the function of word choice, imagery, and symbols.||10%–13%|
|Explain the function of comparison.||10%–13%|
|Develop textually substantiated arguments about interpretations of a part or all of a text.||10%–13%|
AP and Higher Education
Meet the AP English Literature and Composition Development Committee
The AP Program is unique in its reliance on Development Committees. These committees, made up of an equal number of college faculty and experienced secondary AP teachers from across the country, are essential to the preparation of AP course curricula and exams.