AP English Language and Composition is an introductory college-level composition course. Students cultivate their understanding of writing and rhetorical arguments through reading, analyzing, and writing texts as they explore topics like rhetorical situation, claims and evidence, reasoning and organization, and style.
Course and Exam Description
The course skills are organized within nine units that scaffold student development of the analysis and composition skills required for college credit. For each unit, the teacher selects a theme or topic and then chooses texts, typically short nonfiction pieces, that enable students to practice and develop the reading and writing skills for that unit. This course framework provides a description of what students should know and be able to do to qualify for college credit or placement. As always, you have the flexibility to organize the course content as you like.
The updated AP English Language and Composition framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like writers.
Exam Weighting (Multiple-Choice Section)
|1. Rhetorical Situation: Reading||Explain how writers’ choices reflect the components of the rhetorical situation.||11%–14%|
|2. Rhetorical Situation: Writing||Make strategic choices in a text to address a rhetorical situation.||11%–14%|
|3. Claims and Evidence: Reading||Identify and describe the claims and evidence of an argument.||13%–16%|
|4. Claims and Evidence: Writing||Analyze and select evidence to develop and refine a claim.||11%–14%|
|5. Reasoning and Organization: Reading||Describe the reasoning, organization, and development of an argument.||13%–16%|
|6. Reasoning and Organization: Writing||Use organization and commentary to illuminate the line of reasoning in an argument.||11%–14%|
|7. Style: Reading||Explain how writers’ stylistic choices contribute to the purpose of an argument.||11–14%|
|8. Style: Writing||Select words and use elements of composition to advance an argument.||11–14%|
AP and Higher Education
Meet the AP English Language and Composition Development Committee
The AP Program is unique in its reliance on Development Committees. These committees, made up of an equal number of college faculty and experienced secondary AP teachers from across the country, are essential to the preparation of AP course curricula and exams.