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Important Updates

Updates to CED, Rubrics, and Scoring Guidelines
The AP English Language and Composition CED has been updated, along with the rubrics and CED sample question scoring guidelines. Please refer to the errata sheet for details about the specific updates that were made.

New AP Resources
AP Classroom is now available. Designed with AP educators, it helps you provide students daily practice and personalized feedback throughout the year. Sign in to access AP unit guides with aligned resources, topic questions, personal progress checks, the progress dashboard, and your question bank.

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Course Overview

AP English Language and Composition is an introductory college-level composition course. Students cultivate their understanding of writing and rhetorical arguments through reading, analyzing, and writing texts as they explore topics like rhetorical situation, claims and evidence, reasoning and organization, and style.

Course Content

The course skills are organized within nine units that scaffold student development of the analysis and composition skills required for college credit. For each unit, the teacher selects a theme or topic and then chooses texts, typically short nonfiction pieces, that enable students to practice and develop the reading and writing skills for that unit. This course framework provides a description of what students should know and be able to do to qualify for college credit or placement. As always, you have the flexibility to organize the course content as you like.

Course Skills

The updated AP English Language and Composition framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like writers.

 Skill Categories
 Description
 Exam Weighting (Multiple-Choice Section)
 1. Rhetorical Situation: Reading  Explain how writers’ choices reflect the components of the rhetorical situation.  11%–14%
 2. Rhetorical Situation: Writing  Make strategic choices in a text to address a rhetorical situation.  11%–14%
 3. Claims and Evidence: Reading  Identify and describe the claims and evidence of an argument.  13%–16%
 4. Claims and Evidence: Writing  Analyze and select evidence to develop and refine a claim.  11%–14%
 5. Reasoning and Organization: Reading  Describe the reasoning, organization, and development of an argument.  13%–16%
 6. Reasoning and Organization: Writing  Use organization and commentary to illuminate the line of reasoning in an argument.  11%–14%
 7. Style: Reading  Explain how writers’ stylistic choices contribute to the purpose of an argument.  11–14%
 8. Style: Writing  Select words and use elements of composition to advance an argument.  11–14%

AP and Higher Education

Higher education professionals play a key role developing AP courses and exams, setting credit and placement policies, and scoring student work. The AP Higher Education site features information on recruitment and admission, advising and placement, and more.

This chart shows recommended scores for granting credit, and how much credit should be awarded, for each AP course. Your students can look up credit and placement policies for colleges and universities on the AP Credit Policy Search.

Meet the Development Committee for AP English Language and Composition.