July 2018 Update
The current AP World History course and exam attempt to cover 10,000 years of human history—from the Paleolithic Era to the present. In contrast, colleges manage the unique breadth of world history by spreading the content across multiple courses. Because AP World History does not do so, a majority of AP World History teachers have told us that they were teaching too little about too much. Students’ essay scores on the end-of-year AP Exam have reflected that overwhelming challenge.
After our announcement in the spring of 2018 about changes to AP World History, which were meant to alleviate that problem, we received thoughtful, principled feedback from AP teachers, students, and college faculty. This feedback underscores that we share the same priorities: engaging students in the rich histories of civilizations across the globe and ensuring that such important content is given the time it deserves.
In response to this feedback:
- The AP World History: Modern course will begin in 1200 CE, rather than 1450 CE, starting in the 2019-20 school year. This change will ensure teachers and students can begin the course with a study of the civilizations in Africa, the Americas, and Asia that are foundational to the modern era.
- In addition, for schools and students interested in AP coursework that covers 10,000 years of world history, we are committed to offering a second AP world history course—AP World History: Ancient.
- To develop an AP World History: Ancient course, exam, and accompanying resources, we’ll first need to confirm the willingness of colleges to award credit for an additional AP world history exam, and the interest among high schools to offer two full, separate AP world history courses. To fill out the interest form (for high schools) or the credit commitment form (for colleges), go to Confirming Interest in a New AP World History: Ancient Course and Exam.
- For students who do not pursue a college-level AP world history course in 10th grade, we continue to recommend the Pre-AP World History and Geography course, a curriculum that gives teachers the flexibility to sample topics across the full sweep of world history. Students who take a Pre-AP course can stand out in college admissions. In Florida, for example, students receive GPA bonus points for taking Pre-AP classes. The Pre-AP course framework is freely available on our website for schools to download and use.
These various solutions cover the civilizations, societies, and individuals of world history in a way that gives students more time to learn essential content and master the critical analysis and writing skills fundamental to college success.
What AP World History Teachers Need to Know
To support your planning for the 2019-20 school year, here’s some additional information on the AP World History: Modern course.
For 1200-1450 CE
A 1200 CE start date begins the course with a study of civilizations in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe. The global patterns and processes of the age that are foundational to the modern era shape the organization of the content. Here’s an overview of the course content for these centuries:
- Trade networks (examples: Silk Roads, Trans-Saharan, and Indian Ocean)
- The fragmentation of the Abbasid Caliphate and emergence of new Islamic entities
- State building and its impact around the world. Illustrative examples:
- Great Zimbabwe
- Expansion of Mali
- Song China
- Seljuk Empire
- Khmer Empire
- Mongol Empire
- The ways Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism shaped societies in Africa, Asia, and Europe
- Intellectual, scientific, economic, and technological innovations across states and empires (examples: medicine, paper money, transportation technology)
- Intellectual, cultural, scientific, economic, biological and technological transfers across states and empires (examples: paper, algebra, gunpowder, disease, literary and artistic transfers)
- Labor systems and Agricultural societies (examples: peasant agriculture in Song China, serfdom, the manorial system in Europe, feudalism)
- Global travelers (examples: Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo)
For 1450 CE-present
For preliminary planning purposes, teachers should feel comfortable using the Key Concept Outline for periods 4, 5, and 6, which starts on page 79 of the current course and exam description (CED). In the updated CED (which will be available in late May 2019), this outline has been refined to ensure a truly global course and achieve an overall reduction in its scope. The patterns and processes outlined in the current framework will be retained in the AP World History: Modern course.
The exam format for AP World History: Modern will remain the same, with no changes to the rubric or question types.
You won’t be required to submit your 2019-20 syllabus for review and approval. Instead, you’ll simply confirm your awareness of these changes on your 2019-20 AP Course Audit form.
- The AP World History: Modern CED will be available in late May 2019.
- Starting August 1, 2019, you’ll have access to a confidential question bank.
Frequently Asked Questions
There is wide agreement that the status quo—keeping the existing course, which covers 10,000 years of world history—is not a sustainable option.
The College Board collected extensive data from higher education institutions and secondary schools on how they manage the unique breadth of world history as a discipline. Colleges consistently divide the survey of world history across two or three courses. Colleges that offer a two-course world history survey overwhelmingly divide courses at the beginning of the modern era.
To ensure that the AP World History course qualifies a student for specific course credit in college, AP World History must align to an amount of content similar to that found in a specific college course. As most colleges only award credit to AP World History students for one college course, frequently modern world history, the immediate need is to move forward in the 2019-20 school year with an AP World History: Modern course and exam—now starting with 1200 CE—that will adequately measure the content and skills required for college credit in that course, while working with colleges and high schools to establish a new AP World History: Ancient course, designed to adequately address content and skills from those time periods.
This also ensures that AP World History teachers and students can access the same free, new resources and supports available for other AP courses starting in fall 2019. AP World History teachers will also have access to a confidential question bank and, for each topic in the course, a suite of online resources for each AP student to practice reading primary and secondary sources and writing evidence-based essays.
The College Board is eager to develop an AP World History: Ancient course and exam. As with any new AP course, we first have to confirm the support of colleges and the interest of high schools.
We will need a majority of colleges that receive AP scores to agree to offer credit for an additional AP world history exam. Interested colleges can download, sign, and submit a form attesting to their willingness to award such credit.
We’ll also need to confirm interest from a small proportion of high schools, typically 15% of those that offer AP, to offer 2 full, separate AP world history courses. Interested schools can download, sign, and submit a form outlining the approach they would use to offer two AP world history courses.
The AP Program continues to solicit support for a new AP World History: Ancient course and will provide updates on course development.
Similar standards were most recently met by higher and secondary education communities interested in a new AP Computer Science Principles course and exam. Advocates of new AP courses in other disciplines (e.g., engineering) are currently pursuing such credit policies and gauging secondary school interest, as well.
The majority of colleges only award AP World History credit for one course or an elective. However, we’ve reached out to the small number of colleges that currently award AP world history credit for both their ancient and their modern world history courses. We expect these colleges will be among the first to establish credit policies for an AP World History: Ancient course. In the meantime, we expect they will appropriately award AP credit for only the modern world history course equivalent on their campuses.
Pre-AP courses are designed to give all students the opportunity to learn the foundational knowledge and skills they need to be successful in AP and other college-level coursework. Pre-AP courses offer schools instructional frameworks and resources, student practice, and formative assessments in motivating, engaging courses that give all students the chance to become AP ready.
Students who take a Pre-AP course can stand out in college admission. In Florida, for example, students receive GPA bonus points for taking Pre-AP classes.
The Pre-AP World History and Geography course will be available for the 2019-20 school year, at the same time the College Board introduces the AP World History: Modern course. The Pre-AP course includes a course framework and instructional materials that give teachers the flexibility to select topics across the full scope of world history.
As with AP courses, the Pre-AP course framework is freely available on our website (.pdf/2.38MB) for schools to download and use. Schools that use the free framework can designate that course Pre-AP through the 2021-22 school year.
Beginning in 2022, following several years of work with college admission offices to evaluate the degree of consistency they expect to see when schools label courses “Pre-AP,” there will be specific requirements for schools that wish to use “Pre-AP” designation on student transcripts, but schools that don’t elect to use the official Pre-AP designation can continue to use the free course framework to structure their own local courses.
Schools that wish to be official Pre-AP Program participants can apply for teacher professional development and implement through-course assessments, final exams, and performance tasks in each Pre-AP course.
For these official Pre-AP programs, there is a cost to the school or district of approximately $10–$15 per student, in comparison to the cost of $94 per AP exam. There is no cost to students.